Frank Neil Badolati
DET B-52 (PROJECT DELTA), HHC, 5TH SF GROUP, USARV
Army of the United States
Goffstown, New Hampshire
March 19, 1933 to January 29, 1966
SSGT Badolati was a member of Detachment B-52, Project Delta, 5th Special Forces Group. Project Delta was formed in October 1964. Their missions included some of the most hazardous and critical actions in South Vietnam. Augmenting the 5th Special Forces (Green Berets) was a Civilian Irregular Defense Group (CIDG) Security Company, a group of South Vietnamese Special Forces, a South Vietnamese Ranger Battalion and a CIDG “Roadrunner” Company (Roadrunners were equipped with enemy uniforms, equipment and weapons).
Operation Masher (January 24 – March 6, 1966) was the largest search and destroy mission up to that point in the war. Project Delta was selected to reconnoiter the northern end of the An Lao valley.
This area of the An Lao Valley is covered with thick vegetation with a great deal of elephant grass, three to four feet tall, and interspersed with cultivated fields. Steep slopes bound the valley on both sides with anti-aircraft emplacements. Intelligence indicated that there were two Regiments of North Vietnamese in the valley supported by Viet Cong insurgents. With such a heavy concentration of enemy forces, the former commander of Project Delta, Major Art Strange, warned incoming commander Major Charles “Charging Charlie” Beckwith in July of 1965 to “Stay out of the An Lao Valley. They have sophisticated warning systems and tracking dogs.”
Operation Masher and “Charging Charlie” ignored good advice. The operation required insertion of recon teams into the valley but problems plagued the mission. Beckwith decided to not augment the Recon teams with South Vietnamese counterparts (as was standard procedure), ground intelligence was unconfirmed, the weather was bad, helicopter and gunship support would be limited due to the anti-aircraft guns, and, as stated before, the enemy controlled the valley. The last time friendly forces were in the valley was 1958.
Beckwith choose to insert three teams comprised of American Special Forces troopers. Badolati was assigned to Team ROADRUNNER along with SFC Marcus Huston (Team Leader), SSGT Billy McKeith, MSGT Wiley Gray, SSGT Ron Terry and SSGT Cecil Hodgson.
The mission quickly disintegrated. Team ESKIMO had to abort with one wounded. A woodcutter in the hills spotted Team CAPITOL and they were ambushed, losing four men and the other two were wounded.
Team ROADRUNNER made initial contact with enemy forces at around 9:30 on 28 January and again at about 12:30. During the first volley of fire that afternoon Badolati was hit in the upper left arm, the bullet almost severing the arm. SFC Hodgson applied a tourniquet while the team was still under fire. The team then broke contact and moved about 600 yards, stopping to provide medical help to Badolati. They immediately came under fire. The team then split into two groups to evade the pursuing enemy.
Gray, Hodgson and Terry evaded the ambush site in a different direction from Badolati, Huston and McKeith. The group with Badolati tried to use the cover along the steep slopes and after dark used a streambed to hide their trail. Finally Badolati stated that he “could not go any further” and for them to leave him behind. Ignoring his plea, Huston and McKeith stopped in a concealed position two to three feet up the stream bank. Despite constant medical attention to Badolati’s mangled arm, his condition continued to deteriorate. He died in the early morning hours of 29 January 1966. The remaining team members were forced to leave Badolati’s body hidden in the boulders and scrubs with the hope to recover it with a Search and Rescue (SAR) team. The two survivors successfully evaded and were recovered later by helicopter.
According to Homecoming II records, Gray, Hodgson and Terry successfully evaded the rest of that day and then settled into a hiding place for the night. At first light on the 29th, the three men began moving again and did not make contact with the enemy until 4:30 that afternoon. All three were lying in elephant grass when they saw seven Viet Cong soldiers standing four feet to the right and rear of them. They opened fire, killing three of the seven. Shortly thereafter, Gray heard Terry yell that he had been hit and saw him holding his right side. Suddenly Terry’s body arched as another bullet struck him, it was obvious this second bullet killed Terry.
Gray could not locate Hodgson and decided to move roughly 20 feet to a more defendable position and waited in ambush for the enemy. A little later Gray heard both enemy and Hodgson’s weapons being discharged, then silence. Gray continued to evade the enemy and was recovered the next day by helicopter.
Charging Charlie was wounded on the fire support mission and left Project Delta the next week. Of the seventeen men who went into the An Lao Valley seven were killed and three wounded.